## PEC EPE Exam Structure Analysis MCQ Questions

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The study of the behavior of structures under different loads and forces is known as:

a) Structural Mechanics

b) Structural Analysis

c) Structural Design

d) Structural Engineering

Answer: b) Structural Analysis

Which of the following is NOT a primary structural element?

a) Beam

b) Column

c) Slab

d) Bracing

Answer: d) Bracing

The bending moment at a fixed support in a simply supported beam is:

a) Maximum

b) Minimum

c) Zero

d) Constant

Answer: c) Zero

The vertical member of a truss that supports the load is called a:

a) Rafter

b) Purlin

c) Tie

d) Strut

Answer: c) Tie

In a cantilever beam, where is the maximum deflection expected?

a) Free end

b) Fixed end

c) Midspan

d) Depends on the load

Answer: a) Free end

Which method of structural analysis involves solving the equilibrium equations only?

a) Slope-Deflection Method

b) Moment Distribution Method

c) Force Method

d) Displacement Method

Answer: c) Force Method

The deformation of a structure under a load without any permanent distortion is known as:

a) Elastic deformation

b) Plastic deformation

c) Creep

d) Yielding

Answer: a) Elastic deformation

The force that resists the relative lateral movement between two connected members of a structure is called:

a) Axial force

b) Bending moment

c) Shear force

d) Torsional moment

Answer: c) Shear force

The horizontal external force that can cause lateral displacement in a structure is known as:

a) Axial force

b) Bending moment

c) Shear force

d) Lateral load

Answer: d) Lateral load

Which type of structural system provides resistance to lateral loads by using diagonal members?

a) Truss

b) Frame

c) Arch

d) Cable-stayed

Answer: a) Truss

The point on a beam where the bending moment is zero is called the:

a) Neutral axis

b) Point of inflection

c) Moment center

d) Midspan

Answer: b) Point of inflection

The fixed support in a simply supported beam creates what type of reaction?

a) Vertical reaction

b) Horizontal reaction

c) Torsional reaction

d) No reaction

Answer: b) Horizontal reaction

The moment distribution method is used for analyzing:

a) Beams only

b) Frames only

c) Trusses only

d) Both beams and frames

Answer: d) Both beams and frames

The ratio of the actual load-carrying capacity of a structure to the maximum load it can carry is called:

a) Factor of safety

b) Load factor

c) Dead load

d) Live load

Answer: a) Factor of safety

The bending moment at the midspan of a simply supported beam with a uniformly distributed load is:

a) Maximum

b) Minimum

c) Zero

d) Constant

Answer: a) Maximum

The horizontal member of a truss that connects two vertical members is called a:

a) Rafter

b) Purlin

c) Tie

d) Strut

Answer: b) Purlin

The deformation of a structure that occurs after the load is removed and does not recover completely is called:

a) Elastic deformation

b) Plastic deformation

c) Creep

d) Residual deformation

Answer: d) Residual deformation

Which method of structural analysis involves solving for the deflections and rotations directly?

a) Slope-Deflection Method

b) Moment Distribution Method

c) Force Method

d) Displacement Method

Answer: d) Displacement Method

The force that tends to twist a structural member is called:

a) Axial force

b) Bending moment

c) Shear force

d) Torsional moment

Answer: d) Torsional moment

The maximum bending moment in a simply supported beam with a concentrated load at the center is:

a) Half of the load times the span length

b) The load times the span length

c) Twice the load times the span length

d) None of the above

Answer: c) Twice the load times the span length