PEC EPE Exam Structure Analysis MCQ Questions

PEC EPE Exam Structure Analysis MCQ Questions

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    The study of the behavior of structures under different loads and forces is known as:

    a) Structural Mechanics

    b) Structural Analysis

    c) Structural Design

    d) Structural Engineering

    Answer: b) Structural Analysis

    Which of the following is NOT a primary structural element?

    a) Beam

    b) Column

    c) Slab

    d) Bracing

    Answer: d) Bracing

    The bending moment at a fixed support in a simply supported beam is:

    a) Maximum

    b) Minimum

    c) Zero

    d) Constant

    Answer: c) Zero

    The vertical member of a truss that supports the load is called a:

    a) Rafter

    b) Purlin

    c) Tie

    d) Strut

    Answer: c) Tie

    In a cantilever beam, where is the maximum deflection expected?

    a) Free end

    b) Fixed end

    c) Midspan

    d) Depends on the load

    Answer: a) Free end

    Which method of structural analysis involves solving the equilibrium equations only?

    a) Slope-Deflection Method

    b) Moment Distribution Method

    c) Force Method

    d) Displacement Method

    Answer: c) Force Method

    The deformation of a structure under a load without any permanent distortion is known as:

    a) Elastic deformation

    b) Plastic deformation

    c) Creep

    d) Yielding

    Answer: a) Elastic deformation

    The force that resists the relative lateral movement between two connected members of a structure is called:

    a) Axial force

    b) Bending moment

    c) Shear force

    d) Torsional moment

    Answer: c) Shear force

    The horizontal external force that can cause lateral displacement in a structure is known as:

    a) Axial force

    b) Bending moment

    c) Shear force

    d) Lateral load

    Answer: d) Lateral load

    Which type of structural system provides resistance to lateral loads by using diagonal members?

    a) Truss

    b) Frame

    c) Arch

    d) Cable-stayed

    Answer: a) Truss

    The point on a beam where the bending moment is zero is called the:

    a) Neutral axis

    b) Point of inflection

    c) Moment center

    d) Midspan

    Answer: b) Point of inflection

    The fixed support in a simply supported beam creates what type of reaction?

    a) Vertical reaction

    b) Horizontal reaction

    c) Torsional reaction

    d) No reaction

    Answer: b) Horizontal reaction

    The moment distribution method is used for analyzing:

    a) Beams only

    b) Frames only

    c) Trusses only

    d) Both beams and frames

    Answer: d) Both beams and frames

    The ratio of the actual load-carrying capacity of a structure to the maximum load it can carry is called:

    a) Factor of safety

    b) Load factor

    c) Dead load

    d) Live load

    Answer: a) Factor of safety

    The bending moment at the midspan of a simply supported beam with a uniformly distributed load is:

    a) Maximum

    b) Minimum

    c) Zero

    d) Constant

    Answer: a) Maximum

    The horizontal member of a truss that connects two vertical members is called a:

    a) Rafter

    b) Purlin

    c) Tie

    d) Strut

    Answer: b) Purlin

    The deformation of a structure that occurs after the load is removed and does not recover completely is called:

    a) Elastic deformation

    b) Plastic deformation

    c) Creep

    d) Residual deformation

    Answer: d) Residual deformation

    Which method of structural analysis involves solving for the deflections and rotations directly?

    a) Slope-Deflection Method

    b) Moment Distribution Method

    c) Force Method

    d) Displacement Method

    Answer: d) Displacement Method

    The force that tends to twist a structural member is called:

    a) Axial force

    b) Bending moment

    c) Shear force

    d) Torsional moment

    Answer: d) Torsional moment

    The maximum bending moment in a simply supported beam with a concentrated load at the center is:

    a) Half of the load times the span length

    b) The load times the span length

    c) Twice the load times the span length

    d) None of the above

    Answer: c) Twice the load times the span length