## PEC EPE Exam Surveying MCQs

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### Other PEC EPE Exam Past Paper Questions

The process of determining the relative positions of points on the Earth’s surface is called:

a) Cartography

b) Topography

c) Surveying

d) Geodesy

Answer: c) Surveying

The instrument used for measuring horizontal angles in surveying is called a:

a) Theodolite

b) Level

c) Chain

d) Compass

Answer: a) Theodolite

The angle measured in the clockwise direction from the meridian is called:

a) Azimuth

b) Zenith

c) Altitude

d) Declination

Answer: a) Azimuth

The method of surveying in which the curvature of the Earth is taken into account is called:

a) Plane surveying

b) Geodetic surveying

c) Topographic surveying

d) Engineering surveying

Answer: b) Geodetic surveying

The correction applied to measured angles due to the difference between the magnetic meridian and the geographic meridian is called:

a) Declination correction

b) Graduation correction

c) Parallax correction

d) Refraction correction

Answer: a) Declination correction

The ratio of the length of the object on the map to its actual length on the ground is called:

a) Scale factor

b) Linear correction

c) Vertical exaggeration

d) Reduction factor

Answer: a) Scale factor

The benchmark in surveying refers to:

a) A point of known elevation used as a reference for leveling

b) A line connecting two survey stations

c) The area enclosed by a closed traverse

d) A temporary reference mark on the ground for total station measurements

Answer: a) A point of known elevation used as a reference for leveling

The type of leveling used to determine the difference in elevation between two distant points is called:

a) Differential leveling

b) Reciprocal leveling

c) Profile leveling

d) Fly leveling

Answer: a) Differential leveling

The correction applied to measured angles due to the curvature of the Earth is called:

a) Refraction correction

b) Parallax correction

c) Curvature correction

d) Dip correction

Answer: c) Curvature correction

The horizontal distance between two consecutive points on a survey line is measured using a:

a) Theodolite

b) Total station

c) Chain or tape

d) Level

Answer: c) Chain or tape

The surveying method used to determine the elevation of different points on the ground is called:

a) Plane surveying

b) Topographic surveying

c) Engineering surveying

d) Differential leveling

Answer: d) Differential leveling

The process of determining the area of a field or a plot of land is called:

a) Linear measurement

b) Angular measurement

c) Plane table surveying

d) Chain surveying

Answer: c) Plane table surveying

The magnetic declination at a particular location indicates the angle between:

a) The magnetic north and the geographic north

b) The true north and the magnetic north

c) The geographic north and the true north

d) The magnetic south and the geographic south

Answer: b) The true north and the magnetic north

The most accurate method of leveling that takes into account the curvature of the Earth is:

a) Differential leveling

b) Precise leveling

c) Fly leveling

d) Reciprocal leveling

Answer: b) Precise leveling

The method of surveying in which the bearings of the survey lines are measured in relation to one fixed direction is called:

a) Compass surveying

b) Traverse surveying

c) Triangulation surveying

d) Topographic surveying

Answer: a) Compass surveying

The bearing of a line is N30ยฐE. The back bearing of the line is:

a) S30ยฐW

b) S60ยฐE

c) N30ยฐW

d) N60ยฐE

Answer: c) N30ยฐW

The vertical angle measured between the line of sight and the horizontal plane is called:

a) Azimuth angle

b) Vertical angle

c) Zenith angle

d) Inclination angle

Answer: b) Vertical angle

The surveying instrument used to measure the difference in elevation between two points is called a:

a) Theodolite

b) Level

c) Total station

d) Alidade

Answer: b) Level

The process of measuring distances on the ground using a chain or a tape is called:

a) Chaining

b) Ranging

c) Taping

d) Traversing

Answer: a) Chaining

The sum of the interior angles of a closed traverse is:

a) 180 degrees

b) 360 degrees

c) 540 degrees

d) 720 degrees

Answer: c) 540 degrees