PEC EPE Exam Highway Engineering MCQ and Numerical Questions

PEC EPE Exam Highway Engineering MCQ and Numerical Questions

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Other PEC EPE Exam Past Paper Questions

    Which type of pavement is typically constructed with bituminous materials?

    a) Rigid pavement

    b) Flexible pavement

    c) Composite pavement

    d) Reinforced pavement

    Answer: b

    What is the primary purpose of a “Geometric Design” in highway engineering?

    a) Material selection for pavement construction

    b) Designing attractive road signs

    c) Optimizing vehicle engine performance

    d) Designing the layout and alignment of the road

    Answer: d

    The California Bearing Ratio (CBR) test is used to evaluate:

    a) Subgrade strength

    b) Pavement roughness

    c) Aggregate quality

    d) Asphalt viscosity

    Answer: a

    What does the term “Super Elevation” refer to in highway design?

    a) A road with high traffic volume

    b) A bridge overpass on the highway

    c) A banked curve on the road

    d) An elevated highway segment

    Answer: c

    Which layer of a flexible pavement system provides load distribution and assists in load transfer?

    a) Subbase

    b) Base course

    c) Subgrade

    d) Surface course

    Answer: b

    The AASHTO design method is primarily used for the design of:

    a) Rigid pavements

    b) Flexible pavements

    c) Composite pavements

    d) Overlay pavements

    Answer: b

    What is the purpose of pavement markings on highways?

    a) Enhance aesthetic appeal

    b) Improve nighttime visibility

    c) Strengthen the pavement structure

    d) Control vehicular emissions

    Answer: b

    The design speed of a highway depends on:

    a) Roadside landscaping

    b) Driver preferences

    c) Vehicle fuel efficiency

    d) Safety and functional requirements

    Answer: d

    What does the term “Stopping Sight Distance” refer to in highway design?

    a) The distance traveled during overtaking

    b) The distance a vehicle moves after the brakes are applied

    c) The distance required to stop a vehicle within the driver’s reaction time

    d) The distance between two consecutive traffic signals

    Answer: c

    Which type of pavement distress is characterized by a series of interconnected cracks forming a pattern resembling alligator scales?

    a) Block cracking

    b) Rutting

    c) Longitudinal cracking

    d) Fatigue cracking

    Answer: d

    Flexible Pavement Design:

    Calculate the required thickness of a flexible pavement using the AASHTO empirical design method for a given design traffic of 1,500,000 ESALs (equivalent single axle loads) and a CBR of 8.

    Convert the speed to m/s and substitute the values to calculate the stopping distance.

    Answer: Stopping Distance = 400 meters

    Pavement Life Cycle Cost Analysis:

    Perform a life cycle cost analysis for a pavement design with an initial construction cost of $1,000,000, a service life of 20 years, and annual maintenance costs of $50,000.


    Using the formula for life cycle cost:

    Life Cycle Cost


    Initial Cost



    Annual Maintenance Cost


    Service Life


    Life Cycle Cost=Initial Cost+(Annual Maintenance Cost×Service Life)

    Given: Initial Cost = $1,000,000, Annual Maintenance Cost = $50,000, Service Life = 20 years.

    Calculate the life cycle cost.

    Answer: Life Cycle Cost = $2,000,000